Eso-SPONGE® – Endoluminal vacuum treatment in staple line failure and perforations of the upper GI tract - general and visceral surgery
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A 55-year-old male patient with squamous cell carcinoma of the distal third of the esophagus had undergone abdominothoracic esophagectomy with gastric conduit reconstruction and end-to-end esophagogastrostomy (manual suture) following neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. On postoperative day 5, elevation of the infection markers was noted. Endoscopic follow-up examination revealed staple line failure affecting approximately one-quarter of the anastomotic circumference 25 cm from the dental arch. The leakage cavity behind it was visualized to a depth of about 8 cm. During the same examination, the first Eso-Sponge was inserted into the leakage cavity. The following video demonstrates the second Eso-SPONGE® replacement.
The Eso-SPONGE® treatment set comprises an open-cell polyurethane sponge inserted through an overtube with pusher, rerouted transnasally and then connected to an adjustable medical pump. To prepare for treatment, unpack the components of the set; if necessary, already thread the drainage tube of the sponge through the pusher. Prepare sterile hydrogel, NaCl or Ringer solution, a Ch. 16 gastric tube, and various clamps.
Visualizing and placing the overtube into the leakage cavity
Prior to Eso-Sponge placement size the wound cavity by flexible endoscopy. Slip the overtube over the endoscope (moisten with lubricant or silicone spray) and introduce the tube under vision to the end of the leakage cavity, with the endoscope serving as a guide. Maintain the overtube in position and carefully withdraw the endoscope.
Inserting the sponge
Connecting the drainage tube to the Y-connector
Connecting to an adjustable medical pump
Replacing the sponge
Final endoscopic evaluation